Health Fitness Book

The definition of lactation is that period right before and after pregnancy that allows the mammary glands to produce and secrete milk; in order to provide nourishment for a newborn. Usually lactation occurs postpartum, i.e., directly after childbirth. An expectant mother’s body will produce a higher level of both progesterone and estrogen hormones during pregnancy.

Lactation and pregnancy go hand in hand. One usually expects lactation after childbirth because it is a necessity. It is not always the case to experience lactation after pregnancy. Quite a number of cases have been reported where a woman will experience lactation without being pregnant. Experiencing lactation can be quite shocking and can cause alarm when it occurs without pregnancy. However, it is a harmless occurrence. Lactation without pregnancy can occur in a woman who is in her child bearing years, which is usually between 16-40 years. Below we will discuss a number of causes that are behind this condition.

Hormonal Changes – Changes in a woman’s level of hormones occurs in quite a few of a woman’s life cycle stages. The body will respond in a variety of ways when these changes occur. Lactation without being pregnant is one of these ways. As mentioned previously, prolactin is the responsible hormone for lactation. When prolactin rises above it’s normal limits, lactation in the breasts can happen.

Nipple Stimulation – Being part of the reproductive system, breast are meant to play a specific role after childbirth. However, breasts require stimulation to work. In situations where the nipple is being sucked regularly, the brain takes this as a sign to start the production of milk. The breasts mammary glands will start to produce milk as a result of this. There are cases where a woman who chooses not to become pregnant but wants to nurse their adopted child; they make use of this fact so that they may start to lactate. Breastfeeding also helps to create a special bond between mother and child which normally occurs with the natural birth mother and the baby. It has been noted that to stimulate lactation, having the nipples sucked for around 20 minutes, at a rate of eight to ten times a day, for a minimum period of three weeks is necessary.

Miscarriage – Lactation without pregnancy can also occur in a woman who has miscarried. Certain hormonal changes occur after a miscarriage, also referred to as hormonal imbalance, which will result in the breasts lactating. There are times when a miscarriage can go by unnoticed. A woman may think it is just a painful period they are experiencing with heavier bleeding than usual. It may not be noticed that this was due to the loss of a newly conceived baby. The reason behind why lactation occurs in these cases remains unexplained. When experiencing something unusual like this, it is advised to see a doctor.

Drugs – Certain drugs such as Sulpiride, Domperidone, and Reglan can stimulate lactation. These may be recommended in pregnancy and lactation. What they do is raise the levels of prolactin while blocking dopamine. The prolactin increase will then result in lactation. When a new mother is not lactating enough to feed her newborn, it may be recommended that she use one of these drugs to help.

Herbs – Lactation without pregnancy can also be induced through certain herbs. Some common examples of these are anise seed, fennel, cumin seeds, fenugreek, goat’s rue, blessed thistle, and hops. It is very important to be sure you are taking any of these herbs in the recommended dosages.

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Many reproductive hormones, such as progesterone and estrogen, play an important part in a woman’s overall physiology. It usually isn’t until the early to mid 40’s in a woman’s life that these depleting hormones and their importance becomes more noticeable. As the body tries to cope with this time of transition, women will encounter some obvious symptoms that are generally unpleasant. One of these symptoms is Vasomotor Symptoms (VMS), also referred to as hot flashes.

When one experiences a hot flash episode they will feel a mild to extreme sense of heat that can make the face , neck, and chest areas flush as well as increase the rate of the heart. Sweating excessively can also occur with a hot flash episode. In older women, hot flashes are a common symptom of menopause. However, a number of conditions can cause hot flashes in younger women as well.

Premature Ovarian Failure – When a woman’s ovaries start to not function normally before the age of 40, it is referred to as premature ovarian failure. An ovary that is not functioning as it should, will fail to produce enough of the estrogen hormone. . A malfunctioning ovary will also not be able to produce egg. Along with infertility, this can cause several other symptoms such as irregular menstrual cycles, vaginal dryness, missed periods, a decreased sex drive, trouble concentrating, and hot flashes. There are a few abnormalities that will cause the ovaries to fail in this way. Exposure to toxins, chromosomal defects, chemotherapy, and other radiation therapies are but a few of the things that can cause premature ovarian failure. There are treatments for premature ovarian failure such as the use of vitamin D and calcium supplements, and hormonal replacement therapy.

High Estrogen Levels – The ovaries will release an egg approximately every 28 days in a normal reproductive cycle. Estrogen levels will rise as the egg awaits fertilization. In cases where the egg is not fertilized, the estrogen levels will gradually normalize and be brought back into balance with another hormone called progesterone. There are some occasions when the ovaries do not release an egg at all in a reproductive cycle. When this happens, it causes the estrogen levels to stay high for a longer period of time. As a result one may experience dysfunctional uterine bleeding.

Because of the abnormal vaginal bleeding, one can experience late periods, heavier periods, or spotting between periods. Alongside the symptom of abnormal bleeding one may experience excessive body hair growth, vaginal dryness, moodiness, and hot flashes. The risk of developing anemia and fatigue can also result from the increased blood loss. When a hormonal imbalance is the cause of dysfunctional uterine bleeding, it can be treated through the use of intrauterine devices or birth control, both of which help to regulate the hormones. In a woman who wishes to conceive, the use of medicines which work to stimulate ovulation can be used. Those who experience anemia as a result of dysfunctional uterine bleeding will be prescribed iron supplements as well.

Panic Attacks – a panic attack is an episode that causes feelings of dread and intense fear which have no known cause or trigger. These episodes can occur quite suddenly and produce a variety of physical symptoms, such as increased heart rate, shaking, chest pain, shortness of breath, weakness, dizziness, increased sweating, a feeling of tingling and numbness in the extremities, and hot flashes. Four of these symptoms need to be present together in order for such episodes to be considered a panic attack. Those who experience panic attacks will usually go through a six to nine month plan of treatment that includes medication as well as therapy.

The proteins which are known for carrying out catalytic reactions in the body are called Enzymes. Enzymes also help break down the more complex molecules that enter our system such as fats, proteins, and carbohydrates; turning them into simple molecules. We have a total of 3 enzymes in the body. These are metabolic enzymes, digestive enzymes, and food enzymes. Food enzymes enter the body via the ingestion of the food that we consume and drink.

Enzymes are produced in the body to help in the digestive process of our food. As we age, or in cases when we are affected by diseases like pancreatitis, the level of enzymes lower and make it harder to digest some foods. Physical issues can also arise such as upset stomach and pain. For those who have an intolerance to certain foods, they can use digestive enzyme supplements which can be bought over the counter. Due to these supplements not needing to go through clinical trials, the quality and content of these supplements can vary. These supplements are not regulated by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Certain side effects have been known to be caused by digestive enzyme supplements.

Rash – Miglitol is one example of a digestive enzyme supplement which can cause a skin rash when first using it. The rash itself can cause discomfort and itching, however this is considered a non-serious side effect and generally goes away on its own without the need for medical treatment. It is important to seek medical attention if the rash starts to spread, becomes severe, or does not go away.

Flatulence – Excess gas can be produced in the intestines as the digestive enzyme supplement works to break down food, as indicated by In some people this same symptom is also caused by a lack of proper digestive enzymes. While flatulence can be a bit embarrassing, it is not classified as a serious adverse reaction to the use of these supplements. As your body adjusts to the digestive enzyme supplement, the flatulence will usually cease. If you are having concerns or the symptom does not stop, it is advised that you speak to a doctor.

Pain – Having too small amounts of the digestive enzyme in the body can cause the common symptom of pain which is primarily experienced in the abdominal or stomach areas. However, there are some digestive enzyme supplements which have also been known to cause pain and discomfort in the very same areas. You don’t need to seek medical attention in these cases, especially if the pain recedes. If you start to experience severe and unbearable pain, medical attention should be sought. Lingering or severe pain should be diagnosed by a physician.

Diarrhea – Digestive enzymes usually work within the bowels or the stomach. The integration of these enzymes when taken in supplement form can often create an imbalance in the digestive tract. As a result of this, one may experience bouts of diarrhea, more significantly at the start of using the supplement. Normally this symptom will not last long, but should it persist, seek medical advice from your doctor. Also, be sure that you are drinking extra fluids with this symptom to avoid dehydration, a common side effect of having loose stools.

Other side effects may be experienced for a few days by those starting on digestive enzyme supplements. This is your body’s way of integrating and adjusting to the intake of these enzymes. Side effects that are most commonly reported are:

  • Constipation
  • Diarrhea
  • Nausea
  • Stomach Ache
  • Bloating
  • Loss of Appetite
  • Gas
  • Dizziness
  • Headache
  • Fatigue

There are many people all across the world that are affected by kidney stones. In fact, up to 10% of the world’s population may be affected by this disorder. This is one of the most painful experiences that a patient can endure. Some people describe this pain to be on par with what is experienced during childbirth.

When a patient suffers from a smaller kidney stone, they usually don’t need surgery. Those stones that are under 5 mm in size will usually pass out naturally. They will often pass through in the urine within 1-4 weeks after they have formed. Larger stones may actually require some minor surgical procedures to operate on them. Most people will of course want to avoid surgery if possible. There are a few alternatives like pulsing shock waves and a urethroscopy. Kidney stone sufferers might to try out some natural alternatives that are easy on their bodies. Some people might want to try out the kidney cleanse system, which can dissolve kidney stones before they become too big. This is primarily done by just drinking a lot water. It can be done in quite a few ways:

- Kidney Cleanse using Watermelon – Many people may realize that watermelon contains quite a bit of water inside of it. It would be best for diabetics not to try this method. You will need to eat quite a bit of watermelon to see results. You can even fill your bathtub up and simply eat the fruit from there.

- Kidney Cleanse using celery seed tea – For this method, you will need to steep freshly ground celery seed in a few cups of boiling water. Let it cool before you drink it. You will need to consider drinking this tea for up to 3-4 times a day. It can help in the elimination of waste and toxins that have build up over time.

- Kidney Cleanse using watermelon seed tea – This method can be used as a diuretic, which is very helpful for both kidney and bladder cleansing. Try this out by pouring some boiling water over your watermelon seed extract. Strain the tea and allow it to cool. Try to drink this tea for a period of three weeks.

If you would like other home remedies, you can try these out as well:

- Get 600 mL of boiling water. Then you may want to add a mixture of celery seed, parsley, fennel bulb and 25 grams of asparagus root inside of the water. You can drink this daily if you have kidney stones to detoxify your body.

- Make an extract of basil leaves that you can take once a month. This will help strengthen your kidneys. Stronger kidneys will be more capable of passing a stone through them.

- Many people have found that Pomegranate seeds are useful for helping with kidney stones. You can actually grind these Pomegranate seeds in to a paste. You can actually combine one tablespoon of this paste with two tablespoons of horse gram. This mixture can be used to make a soup.

It will be beneficial to use these remedies to get rid of kidney stones. Always combine them with plenty of intake of water and a healthy diet. If the composition of the stone varies, it may take a different amount of time for it to pass.